Assam: Genesis and Impact of Demographic incursion on the popular culture
         Date: 14-Jan-2019

A true Aphorism of innumerous nefarious incidents that occurred in the pre and post independent India that unsettled the social fabric of India will lead us to a time when All India Muhammadan Educational conference was first formulated. The progenitor of Aligarh Muslim University, Sir Syed Ahmed Khan founded the AIMEC in 1886 under the Aegis of sparking an educational renaissance among the Muslim fraternity of India. For the subsequent decades, the All India Muhammadan Educational Conference kept organising various meetings across the country that gave them a necessary platform to seed and deliberate the Muslim population with the incongruous theory of two Nations and garner support for their cause. This continued for next two decades until 1906, when during the Dhaka conference the AIMEC formally chartered the All India Muslim league with a motto to establish separate political self-determination of Muslims. It was under this tutelage of political empowerment that the Muslim league prepared their schematics for realising the division of Bharat on religious lines. Salimullah, the Nawab of Dhaka and the chief patron of AIMEC was a major force behind rallying the elite Muslims to the cause of a separate Islamic nation as he succeeded in lobbying with the Britishers to realise his nefarious intentions of dividing the province of Bengal. This Illicit proposition of dividing the province of Bengal was mutually beneficial for the Britishers, as it would have secured the loyalty of Muslim Elites on the one hand, and would have secured an important ally to curb the Anushilan Samitee, predominantly comprised of Hindus on the other hand. Succinctly, with the formation of East Bengal with a majority Muslim population was perhaps the Nawabs’ allegory of ulterior motives being achieved for the first time.
After the partition of Bengal province, the Muslim politics of Bengal primarily remained under the influence of the Nawab. In the meantime, the Nawab along with his religious and political cohorts, comprising of Muhammad Yusuf of Rajshahi, Ali Nawab Chowdhary of Comilla, Fazlul Haq of Barisal founded an association, namely the Provincial Mohammedan Union on 16 October 1905 with a motive to consolidate and strengthen the Muslim lobby in the province. The elite Muslim despotism of Bengal, guided by their propensities for anathema against the “rival communities” opted for an effective strategy to politically organize the entire Muslim community across the country. Accurately the Nawab built a consensus that realised the need of a Muslim political organization and along with the previous efforts of AIMEC the formation of the All-India Muslim League was finally realised in 1906 conference of Dhaka. In the very conference, Nawab Salimullah openly exhorted the delegates to facilitate migration of Muslim peasants into the valley of Assam, so as, the necessary numerical strength can be achieved. Moreover he also founded East Bengal and Assam Provincial Muslim League. The affect of this Clarion call to facilitate migration can be best understood through the Census report of 1931, where the then Census superintendent, S.C Mullan penned his observations as, "Probably the most important event in the province during the last twenty five years - an event, moreover, which seems lively to alter permanently the whole future of Assam and to destroy more surely than did the Burmese invaders of 1829, the whole structure of Assamese culture and civilisation - has been the invasion of a vast horde of land hungry Bengali immigrants; mostly Muslims, from the districts of Eastern Bengal sometime before 1911 and the census report of that is the first report which makes mention of the advancing host. The All India Muslim league made serious efforts for the inclusion of Assam in East-Pakistan and the significance that Assam had for the cause of a separate Muslim country can be best understood from the book named, “Eastern Pakistan: Its Population and Economics”, written by a Pro-Indian Sheikh Mujibur where he deliberated his observations as,
“Because Eastern Pakistan must have sufficient land for its expansion and because Assam has abundant forests and mineral resources, coal, petroleum etc, Eastern Pakistan must include Assam to be financially and economically strong”. The feelings expressed by Sheikh Mujibur were not isolated, but were reciprocated across the geo-political fraternity by elite Muslims. The deep rooted desire to include Assam in East Pakistan found a significant boost when Sir Syed Muhammad Saadulla became the first Prime Minister for the province of Assam on 1st April 1937. The Muhammad Saadulla led Assam Provincial Muslim league government ruled over the province of Assam for a brief period of six years until 11th February 1946, with only a small exception of three months when the Assam provincial congress succeeded to rule for a diminutive period. This particular period under Muhammad Saadulla was strategically important for realizing their agenda, as for the first time since 1906; AIML had the necessary political and executive leverage to institutionalise influx of Muslim migrants into Assam to achieve their desired numerical strength for legitimizing their claim of Assam. This wicked propaganda laid down by the AIML government can be further verified through the accounts provided by the then Viceroy of India, Lord Wavell in the viceroys journal, where he stated that "The chief political problem is the desire of Muslim Ministers of Assam to increase the immigrations into uncultivated Government lands in Assam under the slogan of 'Grow more food' but what they are really after is to 'Grow more Muslims . The footfall of this Modus-operandi was such that Jinnah confidently declared at Guwahati that Assam was in his pocket and that the province of Assam would form a part of East-Pakistan. Subsequently, the Cabinet Mission Plan placed Assam in Group C with Bengal. Both the Congress High Command and the Muslim League accepted the grouping plan but Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi vehemently opposed it and it was for this single-handed effort of Gopinath Bordoloi that people of Assam were saved from sharing the fate of Hindu Bengalis or that of Hindu and Sikh brethrens from the Punjabi community during and after the partition of Bharat. The clandestine propaganda of AIML didn’t halted with partition, but the momentary failure of AIML only motivated them further to improvise and devise a master game plan to systematically engulf Assam. Subsequently, Moinul Haque Chowdhary, the then private secretary to Jinnah, and a staunch advocate of partition, suddenly had a change of heart and joined congress with a large number of his followers. Later Moinul Haque Chowdhary went on to become a minister in Assam and Delhi. The fifth column of AIML that stayed back to carry on with their propaganda exploited the loop holes and formed cohorts based on common vested interest of political leaders and political parties. This new found fraternity of political cohorts ensured unabated influx of migrants from East Pakistan, and the consequent systematic infiltration was so severe that in June 1962 Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, had to introduce the Project PIP (Prevention of infiltration into India of Pakistani Nationals). The primary objective of this scheme was to establish a security screen in depth to exercise a physical check and control over the number, identity and movement of existing inhabitants in the immigrant settlements near the border making it impossible for any new entrants to go untraced or unnoticed. The PIP Project was one of the major attempts by Government of India post-Independence to deal with this menace and stands testimony in the failure of its implementation that sympathisers of AIML within the government ensured that the PIP project couldn’t be implemented functionally and rest that followed is well known in the socio-political discourse. The Government of Pakistan’s political leadership kept themselves ardently devoted to destabilise India, and that they continued to preserve their deep dark desire to overwhelm Assam in some distant future can be well understood from the book written by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Named Myths of Independence, where he claimed that "It would be wrong to think that Kashmir is the only dispute that divides India and Pakistan, though undoubtedly the most significant. One at least is nearly as important as the Kashmir dispute, that of Assam and some districts of India adjacent to East Pakistan. To these Pakistan has very good claims." The Radicalisation of youths in Assam over the years and the systematic influx of illegal migrants had permanently altered the entire demography of Assam, Districts after Districts in the present state of Assam have fallen prey to this horde of infiltrators, even the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India in its judgement of 2005 had stated that “there can be no manner of doubt that the State of Assam is facing external aggression and internal disturbance on account of large-scale illegal migration of Bangladeshi nationals," -Justice Mathur”. The Assamese society at large has traversed a long road and has to travel a few more miles before arriving at an amicable solution that can constructively address the real threat at hand, and while doing that the vanguards must ensure that the society doesn’t get carried away by a synthetic sense of apologetic secularism.
Conclusion: The Advent of 2019 is clearly a clarion call for some decisive action for preserving the Demographic fabric of Assam to maintain the geographical integrity of India. Suffering from the delusion of a Synthetic harmony, the left-leaning intelligentsia of Assam had for long kept the Assamese society divided and deluded from identifying their real enemy. This Systematic engraftment of Marxist ideology has cost us our ability to rationally identify the situation at hand and critically analyze our future prospects. The Approach for a potent solution might differ from one group to another, but there is no doubt as of today that, if Assam has to survive the next decade while avoiding the dilemma of a probable partition, Assam must preserve its Hindu numerical strength. The recently announced decision of GOI to form a high-level committee for implementing the 6 & 7th clause of the Assam Accord is definitely a constructive way forward for preserving the Ethnic identity of Assam, this is a high time that people of Assam must participate in every capacity to ensure its functional implementation. Lastly, the society must answer a tough call though a definitive mechanism that might at times take us out of our common understanding of socio-cultural and political comfort zones.